Thursday, August 29, 2013

Fulgencio Batista: democracy by force

For some politicians of the twentieth century , democracy is the best system of government as long as the chosen is always him. Otherwise , you will always find a way to convince ( by hook or by crook ) that the village was wrong with his decision and that for the common good have to take power at any cost . Examples and in Latin America, there were many, all eventually fell. The Cuban case is perhaps one of the most memorable in history, Fulgencio Batista , the protagonist . That is the people and history to judge his actions.
Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar was a military and Cuban politician , President of Cuba between 1940-1944 and de facto in 1952-1959 , known as " The Man."
His beginnings in power the fall of Machado in 1933 , participated in several conspiracies that led to the Civil- Military Movement September 4 of that year. It also established a Board of Governors , the call Pentarchy ( consisting of 5 members, one of them Dr. Ramón Grau ) . A proposal Sergio Carbó , Batista was appointed Colonel -in-Chief of the Army in that same 1934-1940 año.De went down hard repression of communist and socialist movements of the sugar mills .
Having resigned in 1940 Federico Laredo Bru , Batista is a candidate of the Democratic Socialist Coalition in the 1940 elections , and was elected president , inaugurating his term on October 10, 1940 . On June 8 of that year approved a new constitution , introduced in practice one semiparlamentarismo Cuban policy , the President was elected by universal suffrage for a term of four years, also enhanced the government intervention in the economy and introduced a Social Security network . Fulfilled its mandate leaves the government after new elections at the hands of Ramon Grau San Martin.
The end of democracy . After eight years of a government under the presidency of Ramón Grau San Martin and Carlos Prio , Batista was a candidate in the 1952 elections . However, as some of the surveys placed him third, on March 10, 1952 , just four months of the presidential election , gave back a coup , claiming a number of justifiable reasons not using his leadership within the armed forces and being supported by certain political sectors . In the process of the coup bloodshed brought not one but attracted the attention and concern of much of the population. Batista 's government respected the rights of American industry and the Cuban trade . However, corruption was huge and the people were starving.
Revolution and fled : His overthrow by the Cuban Revolution (whose extensive topic discussed in a single post ) took place on January 1, 1959 and was promoted by Fidel Castro. Defeated and no prospect of support, Batista fled the country with a fortune approaching U.S. $ 100 million , exiling first in the Dominican Republic , then on the island of Madeira (Portugal ) and finally in Spain , until his death in 1973 to cause of a heart attack in the town of Marbella .

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