Thursday, August 15, 2013

Battle of the Alamo: until the last drops dead

In every conflict there is an event that functions as a turning point. It may not be the one that determines the final result, but one that modifies the statuo quo, and causes an abrupt change enough to alter the winner. A large contingent of Mexican army besieged for 13 days Texian resistance in a building that would become famous over time: the Alamo. I can not encourage me to judge any of the two sides, as each sought to defend what he considered his own, but without doubt, the Alamo is held up as a symbol of the resistance of a group of brave men who chose to die but not leave their cause.
The Battle of the Alamo was a military conflict crucial in the Texas Revolution which consisted of a siege of 13 days, since its inception on February 23 until the final assault of March 6, 1836, and faced the army of Mexico , led by President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, against a secessionist militia Texans, mostly American settlers (naturalized Mexican) in San Antonio de Bexar in Mexican province of Coahuila and Texas. All belligerents in favor of the Republic of Texas were killed, except for two people, which inspired many settlers and adventurers Texans-Americans-to join the army of Texas, desirous of revenge, from the cruelty shown by Santa Anna during the siege, the Texans defeated the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, on April 21, 1836, ending the revolutionary movement.
Several months prior, Texians had taken all federal troops out of the Coahuila and Texas, approximately 100
Texans then garrisoned at the Alamo. The Texian force grew slightly with the arrival of reinforcements led eventually by the co-commanders James Bowie and William Barret Travis. On February 23, approximately 1500 Mexican soldiers marched into San Antonio de Bexar, site currently sits San Antonio, as the first step in a campaign to retake Texas. For the next 12 days, the two armies were involved in several skirmishes with minimal casualties. Aware that his garrison could not withstand the attack of such a large force, Travis wrote several letters asking for more men and supplies, but only 100 reinforcements arrived.
On the morning of March 6, the Mexican Army advanced on the Alamo, after rejecting two attacks, Texians were unable to fend off a third. Because Mexican soldiers scaled the walls, most Texans soldiers fled to the interior buildings. Defenders unable to reach these points were slain by the Mexican cavalry as they attempt to escape. It is likely that a small group of Texans (five to seven of them) had been surrendered; yet these were executed instantly. Most eyewitness accounts reported from between 182 and 257 Texians dead, while most historians of the Alamo agree that there were between 400 and 600 Mexican soldiers wounded or killed in combat. In the end, many noncombatants were sent to Gonzales to spread the word of the Texian defeat. The news sparked panic and the Texian forces-settlers-most of the new Republic of Texas fled from the advancing Mexican army.

In the nineteenth century, in Texas, the Alamo complex gradually became know as the place of battle. The Texas Legislature purchased the land and buildings in the early part of the twentieth century and designated the Alamo chapel as Texas State Shrine. The Alamo is now the most popular tourist site in Texas. It has also
been the subject of numerous non-fiction works from 1843.

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