Monday, September 2, 2013

Chichen Itza: heart of the Maya

Chichen itza cultura maya mexicoEvery civilization must possess to be named as such an urban center where there raised their best buildings , have lived their best players and their culture has survived above . As for the Incas, Machu Picchu , Chichen Itza was a major city that surprisingly survived the passage of time to be a witness of what was once a great and wonderful Native American civilization . While it did ( as usual ) for several years numerous " looting " Today is protected by the Mexican government . Chichen Itza , a jewel.
Chichen Itza is one of the major archaeological sites of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico , located in the municipality of Tinum , in the state of Yucatan. Important and renowned relic of the Mayan civilization , the main buildings there remain correspond to the time of the decline of Mayan culture known to archaeologists as the post-classical period .
The massive architecture that has survived until today and today is emblematic of the site, has a distinct Toltec influence . The god who presides over the site , according to Mayan mythology , is Kukulcan Mayan
Chichen itza cultura maya mexico observatoriorepresentation of Quetzalcoatl , god made ​​the Toltec culture pantheon . That said , consider that Chichen Itza was a city or a ceremonial center , which went through various periods constructive and influences of different peoples that occupied and that boosted since its founding.
Chichen Itza Mayan culture observatorioLa mexico Chichen Itza archaeological site was inscribed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 1988. The July 7, 2007 , was recognized as one of the New Seven Wonders of the Modern World , by private initiative without the support of Unesco , but with the recognition of millions of voters around the world.
Chichen itza cultura maya mexico mapaHis story : Chichén Itzá was founded around 525 AD , during "the first drop or fall small eastern referring chronicles " for the chanes of Bacalar (later called Itza ) and later still Cocomes . They set up their capital.
Toward the end of the Late Classic period , in the ninth century , Chichen became one of the most important political centers Mayab land . For the beginning of the Postclassic ( from 900 to 1500 ) , the city had established itself as the main center of power in the Yucatan Peninsula.
Mayan Chichen Itza buildings show a large number of architectural and iconographic elements that some historians have called mexicanized . The truth is that it is visible the influence of cultures from the Mexican plateau , and mixing with the Puuc style , from the heights of the peninsula , the Classic Maya architecture . The presence of these elements from the cultures of the highlands were conceived a few years ago as a result of a mass migration or conquest of the Mayan city by Toltec groups . However, more recent studies suggest they may have been the cultural expression of a political system widespread and prestigious during the early Postclassic Mesoamerica .
Chichen itza cultura maya mexico saqueo

Chichen Itza in the post- Maya. In the sixteenth century the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Montejo and the Franciscan Diego de Landa , made ​​the first visits of Europeans in the area and gave a detailed account of the existence of the city.
Chichen Itza Mayan mexico saqueoEn 1840 John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood visited the archaeological site of Chichen Itza, in that time the area was within the estate of the same name that belonged to Juan Sosa . In 1894 , Edward Herbert Thompson purchased the Hacienda Chichén- Itzá , conducted studies and explorations in the area, especially in the sacred cenote . During this work many objects found were inadvertently sent to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University but later , due to the intervention of the Mexican government , some of the objects were returned. This was a time of looting of one of the most important treasures of Mexican history .

When Thompson died in 1935 the estate passed to his heirs although the control and jurisdiction , and the systematic exploration and maintenance of extensive archaeological site is run by provision of law , the National Institute of Anthropology and History, the agency Mexican federal government

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