Tuesday, May 28, 2013

Pancho Villa: Mexican popular Caudillo

Throughout history there have emerged transcendental characters, both real and fictional, that preserve the poor and destitute of the unfortunate actions of wealthy landowners. Like most populist leaders, and as a sort of Robin Hood modern Mexican, Pancho Villa, was simultaneously loved and hated by men and women of his country and the world. Without doubt, a worthy of a place in our general culture.José Doroteo Arango Arambula, better known by his nickname Pancho Villa, was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution which military action was critical to the defeat of the regime of then President Victoriano Huerta. Originally from the state of Durango, was born on June 5, 1878 and was killed in an ambush in Hidalgo del Parral (Chihuahua) on July 20, 1923. During the revolution he was known as "The Centaur of the North".
Commander of the Northern Division, was leader of the northern state of Chihuahua (which would be governor), which, given its size, mineral wealth, and proximity to the United States of America, provided him with extensive resources. Although you are not accepted into the pantheon "of national heroes," but 20 years after his death, today his memory is honored by Mexicans, Americans and people around the world.
Villa and his followers, known as Pancho Villa, seized the lands of the farmers for distribution to peasants
and soldiers. He took trains and, as several revolutionary generals, printed fiat money used to pay for his cause. Villa's dominance in northern Mexico was broken in 1915, through a series of defeats he suffered at Celaya and Agua Prieta at the hands of Álvaro Obregón and Plutarco Elías Calles.
Villa retired in 1920 and was given a large estate which he turned into a "military colony" for his former soldiers. In 1923 he decided to become involved in Mexican politics and as a result was assassinated, probably on the orders of Obregón.

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