Thursday, May 23, 2013

The Industrial Revolution: The interchangeability of human labor

HISTORYOne day the steam began to move the world. XVIII Century. In a small loom English suburb, close to a hundred workers are preparing to start another long day of work. The task is hard, but at least the pay can support the family. But the landscape has changed , a huge and noisy iron beast flaunts its efficiency in view of the workers: The steam engine, the driving force of the industrial revolution. Society will never be the same again.
 The Industrial Revolution was a historical period between the second half of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries in Britain and the rest of continental Europe then suffer the largest set of socio-economic, technological and cultural history of mankind since Neolithic times.The economy based on manual labor was replaced by one dominated by industry and manufacturing. The Revolution began with the mechanization of the textile industries and the development of processes of iron. Trade expansion was favored by improved transport routes and later by the birth of the railway. The most important innovations were the powerful steam machines associated with textile industry. These new machines favored huge increases in production capacity.So in the industrial revolution the amount of product increases and decreases the time in which these are carried out, giving way to mass production, because it simplifies complex tasks into several simple operations that can be performed without requiring any worker it is skilled labor, and thus lower production costs and increase the number of units produced under the same fixed cost.The Industrial Revolution produced substantial changes in various aspects such as:- Demographics: Transfer of population from the countryside to the city (rural exodus), international migration, sustained population growth, large differences between peoples, economic independence- Economic: Series production, development of capitalism, the emergence of big business (manufacturing system), unequal exchanges- Social: Birth of the proletariat, comes the "social question", child exploitation- Environmental: Deterioration of the environment and landscape degradation, overexploitation of the earth.

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