Wednesday, April 24, 2013

UN: Achieving peace


The human race need not one, but two (or maybe more?) World wars, millions of deaths and monumental economic loss to understand that armed intervention may be far from the best solution to resolve political differences, religious or trading between nations. A group of men believed that countries could organize and reach an agreement on their disputes peacefully. The reality is that sometimes it does and sometimes not that many more. However, the United Nations today represent the best human effort to preserve world peace.
The United Nations Organization (UNO) or simply United Nations is the largest international organization exists. It is an association of global governance that facilitates cooperation on issues such as international law, peace and security, economic and social development, humanitarian affairs and human rights.

It was founded on October 24, 1945 in San Francisco (California), by 51 countries after the Second World War, with the signing of the United Nations Charter.

Member states of the United Nations provides advice and decide on significant issues and administrative regular meetings during the year. The main public figure is the Secretary-General UN. The current is Ban Ki-moon of South Korea, who took office on January 1, 2007, replacing Kofi Annan.

As of 2010, the UN has 192 member states, virtually every internationally recognized sovereign countries. There are exceptions such as the Holy See, which has observer, and the Republic of China-Taiwan. While the headquarters is in New York, there are other locations in Geneva, The Hague, Vienna, Montreal, Copenhagen, Bonn, Nairobi, Paris, Santiago de Chile, Addis Ababa, Sevilla and Buenos Aires.

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